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What should I look for when choosing appliances?

When looking for energy efficient appliances for your home, you need to look out for the energy ratings label on appliances and consider the size of the appliance that you require.

How do energy labels work?

Energy ratings are generally given to products based on their size category. This means that two differently sized appliances with the same energy rating may use quite different amounts of electricity. For instance, an A rated 180-litre fridge freezer could cost only £39 a year to run, whereas a larger 525-litre fridge freezer with a better A+ rating could cost £52 a year to run.

It is best to check energy labels on products and look for the product with the best energy rating for the size you require.

How can I reduce my energy consumption?

Take control of your electric appliances

Watch our video to see how to manage the cost of using electrical appliances in your home.

Avoid leaving appliances on standby

On average UK households spend £30 a year powering appliances left in standby mode.

This is the energy used by certain appliances when not in use and not switched off at the plug. As well as standby power, other new additions to the average household’s collection of electrical goods such as broadband modems, broadband routers, digi-boxes and telephones use low levels of electricity when not in use. These are not items that we tend to think to turn off, but can gradually go on to consume a great deal of electricity over the year. For instance, a broadband modem router can consume as much as £8 worth of electricity if left on for an entire year.

Fortunately there are a number of products available to help cut down your standby electricity consumption, such as standby savers that allow you to turn all your appliances off standby in one go. Some come with timers and others come with a single off-switch. 

Recent regulations specify that all electrical products sold within the EU after 2010 cannot have a standby power greater than 1W. Whilst the average standby consumption of new products is going down, households are being filled with more and more electronic gadgets, so it is still worth looking at your standby energy usage.

Choose your appliances wisely

The table summarises common appliances for the home and key considerations for each appliance type. 

Home appliances and key considerations

Appliance type


Kitchen appliances


We recommend choosing an oven with an energy rating of A+.  A pyrolytic function can also be an energy intensive means of cleaning which can contribute to higher running costs.  The energy label is now found on both electric and gas ovens, enabling consumers to make the most efficient choice for either fuel.

Microwave ovens

Microwaves often provide a much more energy efficient way of cooking food than in the oven. This is because microwaves oven use energy to directly heat your food, whereas electric ovens must also heat the air inside the oven.


Dishwashers can take up a significant chunk of your electricity bill, costing on average £42 a year to run. The most efficient dishwashers on the market have an A+++ rating, they cost around £6 less to run than the lowest rated dishwashers that you can buy of the same size, and they use less water.

Fridges, freezers and fridge-freezers                                                                                             These are switched on 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, so it's well worth finding models that are energy efficient. Typically choosing an A+++ fridge freezer over an A+ unit will save you about £255 in energy bills over the lifetime of the product. However, as the energy rating is based upon classification by size, choosing a smaller fridge will use less energy than a larger fridge with the same energy rating. You can compare the total energy consumption of appliances by looking for their yearly energy consumption in kWh / annum displayed on the bottom right of the energy label.
Kettles Kettles are one of the most commonly used appliances in the kitchen. ECO kettles that only boil the amount of water required can use 20 per cent less energy than a conventional electric kettle. On average a UK household boils the kettle 1,500 times a year.
Tumble dryers  

Drying clothes outdoors on a washing line or indoors on a rack costs nothing and uses no energy so it is the ideal way to dry your clothes. But if you need to use a tumble dryer, choose one with a good energy label rating such as an A++ or A+++. This will help to keep your energy bill down as much as possible.

Choose one with a sensor that tells you when your clothes are dry enough, preventing your clothes from being over dried.

  • Gas tumble dryers are one of the cheapest and most environmentally friendly type of dryer to run. But this type of dryer can be slightly more expensive to install as it needs a gas connection.
  • Electric heat pump tumble dryers are also very efficient as they recycle the heat from the ventilation tube back into the dryer, but after removing the water vapour from the air.
Washing machines An energy efficient machine will save you money on your electricity bill and, if you have a meter, your water bill too.

Home entertainment

Digital or DAB (Digital Audio Broadcasting) radios Digital radios are a popular consumer electronic products in the last few years due to superior sound quality and a wide range of extra channels. Digital radios generally consume more power than their analogue equivalents.
Digital television recorders Recording your favourite shows doesn’t have to cost more in energy bills. In most homes, entertainment equipment accounts for almost a third of your electricity bill. 

Televisions can be the most power-hungry of all entertainment equipment, particularly the larger ones. The larger a television is the more energy it will consume, regardless of its energy rating. For instance, an A-rated 22" LCD TV would typically cost £6 a year to run whereas an A-rated 60" TV would cost £33. Choosing a smaller TV generally means choosing a more efficient TV.

  • HD TV: These are now the most common type of television available in the shops. HD TVs have more pixels per square inch of screen area and therefore tend to consume more energy than SD (Standard Density) televisions. A smaller SD TV is likely to use less energy than an HD TV.
  • LED, LCD and plasma screen are most common forms of flat-screen TVs on the market. LED and LCD TVs are not as good for seeing the screen from sideward angles, but otherwise there is little difference between the picture quality of these and plasma screen TVs. However, plasma screen TVs tend not to come in smaller sizes, and generally use more energy than similar sized LED or LCD TVs.

Computer equipment

Desktop, laptop PCs and tablets Laptops typically use 85 per cent less electricity over a year than desktop PCs. Choosing a laptop over a desktop and reducing standby could save up to £17 per year.

Tablets have even lower energy usage - on average, tablets use 70 per cent less power than laptops.

What should I do with my old appliances? 

Disposing of waste electrical and electronic equipmentElectrical items should be disposed of carefully due to the nature of their materials. 

Items which have the image of a wheelie bin with a cross on them should not be disposed of using the general household rubbish collection. These items include everything from large white goods to energy saving light-bulbs. By keeping waste electrical equipment separate from other waste, the hazardous substances can be removed and other parts can be recycled rather than sent to landfill.

Disposing of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)

If you are buying new electrical appliances, retailers are obliged by law to either:

  • Take your old appliances off you for free in store.
  • Tell you where you can take your old item for recycling free of charge.

Many retailers offer collection of old appliances from your home, although they are not obliged to do this.

Alternatively you can take your old equipment to your nearest recycling point, or ask your local authority to collect your bulky items. Some may charge for this service.

More information

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